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Monuments in India

Monuments in India
Monuments in India

The rich historical past and architectural past of India has resulted in the country being full of historical monuments. Especially its royal past and the colonial rule has ensured that it has so many monuments that you will tire from visiting all of them, but will never fall short of them. Infact, Delhi, the capital of India, boasts of so many monuments that you cannot possibly think of covering all of them in a single visit. Right from forts to tombs to towers to other magnificent edifices (like India Gate), the city has it all.

Then, we have the state of Rajasthan, in which almost every city has a fort or a palace to be proud of. The Shekhawati region in the state is known for housing some of the most magnificent havelis (mansions) in the entire country. The architectural beauty of these monuments is enough to make you want to come again. When talking about Indian monuments, how can one forget the famous, the breathtaking and the awesome monument of love, which we know as the ‘Taj Mahal’? Many tourists come to the country to visit this architectural wonder of the world only.

Go to south and you will be greeted by the Dravidian architectural style, which can be seen in its forts, temples, palaces, etc. The monuments in India, just like its people, belong to different religions. We have Hindu palaces, Muslim forts, Christian churches, Jewish synagogues and Buddhist stupas. Almost every monument in the country has a tale attached to it, which speaks volumes about the courage, valor, heroism and chivalry of its founders. A trip to India, without visiting its monuments, is incomplete.

Monuments in Bihar

  • Mahabodhi Temple
  • Nalanda
  • Sher Shah Tomb
  • Lauriya Nandangarh
  • Kesariya


Monuments in Delhi

Delhi is a city with an impressive and remarkable history. Standing as a witness to this interesting bygone era are the various monuments of Delhi. From the Old Fort to the Tughlaqabad area to the various tombs in the city, each one represents a separate period in the history of Delhi. In the area of New Delhi, historical monuments cover mostly those that were built during the time of the British like the Parliament House, President’s House, the India Gate etc.

However, one thing that is common in all the monuments of Delhi is their architectural excellence. Be it the Red Fort built by Shah Jahan or the Parliament House designed by Edwin Lutyens, each and every monument has an architectural beauty that leaves you mesmerized. All said and done, the magnificence of Delhi monuments cannot be fully described and you will have to visit them to really appreciate them.

  • Old Fort
  • Red Fort
  • Tughlaqabad Fort
  • Qutab Minar
  • Parliament House
  • Rashtrapati Bhavan
  • India Gate
  • Humayun’s Tomb
  • Jama Masjid
  • Jantar Mantar
  • Lotus Temple


Monuments in Himachal Pradesh

There are a number of monuments in Himachal Pradesh, comprising of colonial buildings, palaces and castles of the former rulers, memorial sites and Buddhist monasteries. Viceregal Lodge in Shimla, also known as ‘Rashtrapati Niwas’ deserves to be mentioned at the top of the list of such monuments. It houses the Indian Institute of Advanced Studies today. Other famous monuments in Himachal Pradesh are Norbulinka Institute of Tibetan Culture, Lord Elgin’s Memorial Maharaja Palace of Chail, Rang Mahal of Chamba, Padam Palace of Rampur, Gurkha castles and forts, etc.

  • Viceregal Lodge
  • Tabo Monastery
  • Rang Mahal
  • Padam Palace
  • Norbulingka Institute
  • Chail Palace
  • Namgyal Monastery


Monuments in Karnataka

The monuments of Karnataka offer plenty to tourists and aficionados of history. They take you to the glory and grandeur of a bygone era. Now major tourist attractions, these monuments in Karnataka were built to serve specific purposes. If the forts were bulwarks against marauding enemies, the palaces were symbols of the opulence of royal families.

The Karnataka monuments have spawned tourism industries in their respective locations. People come from distant places to marvel at their architecture and to delve into the legacies of ancient kingdoms. If a tour to Karnataka is on the cards, don’t miss the monuments of Karnataka. They will make you come here again and again.

  • Bull Temple
  • Badami Caves
  • Bidar Fort
  • Belgaum Fort
  • Gol Gumbaz
  • Gulbarga Fort
  • Hampi Ruins
  • Lord Bahubali
  • Mysore Palace


Monuments in Kerala

Kerala has a rich historical heritage, which is pretty much evident from the number of famous monuments of Kerala, India. A major testimony of the history of Kerala, these monuments are worth visiting as they not only interest history enthusiasts but also are a photographer’s paradise. Given here are the various monuments that are worth visiting in Kerala. Click on each of them for further information.

  • Fort Kochi
  • Guruvayoor Temple
  • Jewish Synagogue
  • Kunchan Smarakam Fort
  • Napier Museum
  • Padmanabhapuram Palace
  • Tipu Sultan Fort


Monuments in Madhya Pradesh

Madhya Pradesh boasts of a rich historical past and associates its name with many ruling dynasties of India. Thus, the state exhibits a landscape bequeathed with various trademark preferences of these rulers. It also claims distinction for snuggling three prominent World Heritage Sites, as declared by UNESCO, namely Khajuraho temples, Bhimbetka Caves and Sanchi Buddhist monuments. Each of them is an architectural representation that pays tribute to the rulers under whose regime it saw construction and to the deftness and precision of artisans who shaped it.

While the temples and Sanchi monuments depict beauty achievable in stone, Bhimbetka Caves pictorially represent the magnificence of art. Apart from them, the state also preserves many other monuments, each of them as appealing as the other. There are architectural legerdemains of Mughals, Paramaras, Holkars and Scindias. Adding on to them are some of the most beautiful mosques built during the rule of Begums. Singular in stance, steeped in history and immaculate in exposition; each monument of the state whispers a unique story of its own.

  • Khajuraho
  • Sanchi Stupa
  • Bagh Caves


Monuments in Maharashtra

Maharashtra, one of the leading industrial states in India, is known throughout the world for being home to a large number of historical monuments. These monuments today stand as testimony to the rich past which the state boasts of. Most of the famous monuments in Maharashtra are situated in the capital city of Mumbai. However, there are also other cities in the state, like Pune, Nagpur and Aurangabad, which are the proud possessors of some of the most magnificent monuments in the whole country. With the given below information, you will be able to know more about the major monuments of Maharashtra.

  • Bibi Ka Maqbara
  • Chhatrapati Shivaji Terminus
  • Churchgate
  • Gateway of India
  • Bombay High Court
  • Rajabai Tower
  • Town Hall Mumbai
  • University Buildings Mumbai
  • Aga Khan Palace


Monuments in Orissa

A land of great cultural heritage, Orissa is home to numerous monuments of historical importance. With history of the state stretching back to more than 2 thousand years, Orissa is dotted with ancient monuments ranging from the ruins of Sisupalgarh to the magnificent Lingaraj and Jagannath temples. The exquisitely carved Konark Sun temple and the Mukteswar temple showcase the great skills of the sculptors and architects of the yore.

  • Lingaraj Temple
  • Mukteshwar Temple
  • Rajarani Temple
  • Jagannath Temple
  • Ramachandi Temple
  • Konark Sun Temple


Monuments in Rajasthan

The main attractions of the state of Rajasthan are, undeniably, it’s numerous monuments. Right from the massive forts to fascinating palaces to the huge havelis (mansions) to the amazing temples, all add to the magnetism of Rajasthan. Rajasthan monuments are a living proof of the royal bygone era of the state. A monuments tour of Rajasthan brings alive the romance, culture and glory of the past days. These monuments are a visual treat to the eyes, with the architecture ranging from Mughal to Rajput to European.

Almost each and every city of Rajasthan has some monument to boast of. Not just beauty and architecture, some of the monuments were built to serve more important purposes like security, defense, residence, religion, etc. a trip to Rajasthan without a visit to the famous monuments of the state will be meaningless. Amongst all the Rajasthan historical monuments, the most famous ones are:

  • Hawa Mahal
  • Jantar Mantar
  • Patwon ki Haveli
  • Amber Fort
  • Chittorgarh Fort
  • Jaisalmer Fort
  • Junagarh Fort
  • Kumbhalgarh Fort
  • Mehrangarh Fort
  • City Palace Jaipur
  • City Palace Udaipur
  • Umaid Bhavan Palace


Monuments in Tamilnadu

Tamil Nadu has a great tradition of history and culture. In ancient, early medieval and medieval period, a number of dynasties ruled over the Tamil land. Many of those rulers were very fond of art and architecture and gave generous patronage to men of letters, sculptors, architects and artists. This saw the Tamil land becoming a hub of many beautiful and amazing monuments, which attract tourists from all over the world to this day. These monuments speak volumes about the artistic skills and excellence of the sculptors and architects of that period. The temples with their towering gopurams and the rock cut temples leave the connoisseurs speechless.

As a result of such great cultural achievements, the state of Tamil Nadu is referred to as the cradle of Dravidian culture, an ancient culture distinguished by unique languages and customs. Many towns and cities of Tamilnadu are associated with beautiful monuments. Mahabalipuram is one of those places, which boast of numerous architectural wonders. The famous Arjuna’s Penance is one such monument at Mahabalipuram. Chennai, the capital city, is home to may monuments such as the Kamaraj Memorial House, Bharathiyar Illam, Madras War Cemetery, Rippon Building, Vivekananda Illam and the Valluvar Kottam while Madurai boasts of Thirumalai Nayak Mahal, a classic example of Indo-Saracenic style. The Rock Fort temple is a prominent landmark in Tiruchirappalli.

  • Fort St. George
  • Kailasanath Temple
  • Padmanabhapuram Palace
  • Meenakshi Temple
  • Mahabalipuram Rathas
  • Vivekananda Rock
  • Brihadeswara Temple


Monuments in Uttar Pradesh

Uttar Pradesh has always been a politically active state. The state has seen the advent and fall of various empires in the course its history. From the advent Mughal till the departure of British, UP has seen it all. Nearly all the rulers who have ruled Uttar Pradesh in the course of history have left their marks in terms of architecture. Moguls, Nawabs of Oudh, Talukedars and British; all of them have contributed to the architectural heritage of Uttar Pradesh. Due their individual and collective contributions, Uttar Pradesh today boasts off some of the most marvelous monuments in the entire world.

Talking of monuments we must start from the queen among all; The Taj Mahal. So much have been written on The Taj by so many that there is nothing left to talk about it. Nevertheless, all of them have failed to capture the beauty of Taj in words. When someone of the caliber of Vincent Van Gough fails to put something in words then it is high time we see it by our own eyes. Taj is not to be read about; it is to be experienced and explored.

  • Taj Mahal
  • Agra Fort
  • Dhamekh Stupa
  • Panch Mahal
  • Fatehpur Sikri Fort
  • Bara Imambara
  • Itmad-ud-daula
  • Buland Darwaza
  • The Residency
  • Ashoka Pillar
  • Bharat Mata Mandir