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Gujarat Famous Brocade Fabrik

Garments Industries of Gujarat

Gujarat Garments
Gujarat Garments

The garment industry of Gujarat is one of the most prosperous ones in India. It provides a wide variety to the buyers. Some of the popular dress items of the industry are Salwars, Kurtas, Ghaghras, Cholis, Odhanis, Skirts & Jackets. All of these are produced from authentic hand block-printed material, creatively embellished with appliqué patterns and embroidery. In the Garment section, apart from this, Sarees are an all-time specialty of the region. There are a number of weaving styles practiced in the state, popular the world over. The traditional Garment is collected from the villages, where the actual craft of hand weaving is practiced.

Brocade

another famous Garment is Brocade. Brocade is a distinctive weaving style of Gujarat. The technique makes use of an extra weft pattern, which has raised the art to new heights. To add to the luster of the fabric, the gold thread is worked in the twill weave. This reminds of the weave of the hangings of the yore, exhibited in the Gujarat museum. Brocades, with an illusion of inlay work on fabric, were first woven in Gujarat. The main centers of brocade weaving are Jamnagar, Ahmedabad, Mehsana & Surat.

Gujarat Famous Brocade Fabrik, Garments
Gujarat Famous Brocade Fabrik

Here, the silk-satin cloth is used for the Brocade while color is used for the borders. The traditional patterns which adorn the Brocade sarees include floral sprays, stylized shrubs, mango as a motif & a circular coin known as an asharfi. Other garment designs popular amongst the buyers are intricate constellation patterns, animals, fruits, dancing figures, peacocks, women holding fans & different types of lotus.

Tanchoi

Tanchoi is another weaving style in Gujarat. This weaving technique changes the texture of the fabric. The base material used in this technique is satin. An extra weave float is merged into the fabric. The process is simple yet ingenious. It was introduced by Chinese weavers in Surat. Later, the Parsi community used it extensively. The technique is employed to weave sarees as well as dress material in silk.

Mystical world of the mesmerizing Tanchoi sarees
Mystical world of the mesmerizing Tanchoi sarees

Gharchola and Panetar

Gujarati Bride In Tredtional Panetar Sarees, Gujarati Garments
Gujarati Bride In Tredtional Panetar Sarees

Another famous weaving style of the state includes Gharchola and Panetar. Panetar is Gujarati sarees with a satin weave. You can also find them in Gajji silk with red borders. Another popular saree of the region is Gharchola. These are traditional Hindu and Jain wedding sarees, made of silk. For such an auspicious occasion, the number of squares in the saree is kept in the multiples of 9, 12, or 52. Cambay is known for these two weaving styles. Here, the sarees are first woven with silk and then with gold and silver threads. They are then tie-dyed or block printed.

Check another art and craft for of Gujarat

Textile of Gujarat

Gujarat has a large flourishing textile industry which contributes to the arts and crafts of India. The textiles have a large variety to offer to the end consumers. It mainly depends on factors like varied raw materials, a combination of yarns and effective use of traditional techniques. The enriched range of textiles owes to the people of different communities, castes, tribes and regions of the state, who have kept the age-old tradition alive. For instance, Tangalia fabric from Surendranagar is inlaid with a thread during weaving, to create geometrical patterns and peacock motifs. Deesa fabric was originally worn by tribes of Gujarat. It contains geometric patterns with bold black outlines, in deep earthy colors.

Bandhani

Bandhani or Bandhej of Gujarat is one of the best tie and dye fabrics in India. These are produced on the mulmul (muslin) cloth, often combined with gold checks and motif work in the jamdani style. In this technique, a portion of the fabric is tied into tiny knots, following a pattern. Then, the fabric is dipped into a base color, followed by retying and dyeing. This is done several times till the final color scheme and pattern is achieved. Eventually, the complexity of the process and the quality of the fabric decides the price of a Bandhani piece. The main centers of Bandhani work in Gujarat are Kutch, Jamnagar and Saurashtra. You can also find Bandhani sarees, adorned with Zari work, in the markets of Jamnagar.

Gujarat Textiles
Gujarat Textiles

Dhamadka and Ajrakh

Dhamadka is the art of printing fabrics with wooden blocks. This is a major foreign exchange earner of the region, along with the modern screen printing art. The technique uses wooden blocks of around 1 ½ ” to 3″ thickness. The design to be printed on the fabric is first pinpricked on the wooden surface and later chiseled. After this, the blocks are dipped in different colors and stamped across the fabric. This leaves an imprint on the design of the block on the fabric. After printing, the fabric is fixed in the river Gondali and spread to dry.

Dhamadka is widely practiced along with the riverside town of Jetpur, midway Gondal, and Junagadh. Its block prints are well known for the river water which brightens the colors of the fabric. Dhamadka block printing is available in a range of contrasting colors like maroons, yellows, blues, and reds with patterns generated through tiny dots. Another popular area of printing is Kutch. Apart from block printing, artisans here also use vegetable dyes, paraffin wax resists and patriciate-printing material. Though synthetic dyes and modern techniques have come up, bright Ajrakh prints are still in vogue.

Mashru

Mashru is a mixed fabric, woven with a combination of cotton and silk. It was originally used by Muslim men, as they were prohibited from wearing pure silk. This weaving technique was prevalent in Iraq and the Arab countries. This might have been the influencing factor for the rise of Mashru tradition in India. It was once woven in the whole country but has now been confined to the state boundaries of Gujarat. Patan is one of the most important centers of Mashru weaving. It is practiced in different styles, like ikkat patterns in stripes, with extra warp threads, by the depression of the warp threads and even on a pit loom.

Patola Silk

Patola silk is often termed as the queen of all silks. Patola sarees of Gujarat are one of the finest hand-woven sarees produced in India today. The place associated with Patola is Patan. Here, exquisite patterns are woven on sarees with great precision. Besides Patan, Surat is known for patola patterns on velvets.
read details about Patola Silk here

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