Wildlife & Nature

Wildlife & Nature
Wildlife & Nature

The tropical climate and lush green forests of India support a wide variety of wildlife. Infact, you can hope to see some of the most exotic species of wild animals and birds in the country. Every year, a large number of wildlife tours are organized in the country, through which the nature lovers explore the wildlife treasures available here. Indian is home to Gir National Park, the only abode of the Asiatic Lion in the whole world. Likewise, it also provides a number of abodes to the Royal Bengal Tiger.

There are a large number of national parks wildlife sanctuaries, tiger reserves and bird sanctuaries in India, which serves as a repository of its rich flora and fauna. One can find not only animals, but also some of the rarest birds and reptiles within the boundaries of these reserves. Apart from that, some of these national parks and sanctuaries also visited by a large number of migratory birds every year. India, being a responsible country, has started a number of conservation programs to conserve the rare and endangered species.

Amongst the most popular national parks of India are Gir National Park, Jim Corbett National Park, Desert National Park, Keoladeo Ghana National Park, Mudumalai National Park, Valley of Flowers National Park, Periyar National Park, Pench National Park, etc. Then, there are the bird sanctuaries and wildlife sanctuaries, comprising of Wayanad Wildlife Sanctuary, Bharatpur Bird Sanctuary, Kutch Wildlife Sanctuary, Sultanpur Bird Sanctuary. The jeep safaris and elephant safaris organized at these parks and sanctuaries are the best ways to explore its rich wildlife.

Wildlife in Kerala

The hilly slops of Western Ghats and lush green forests provide the perfect locale for wildlife sanctuaries in Kerala. There are a number of wildlife reserves in Kerala that are home to thousands of species of birds and animals. The national parks in Kerala, India are a major tourist attraction and all the sanctuaries are a must visit if you want to have a glimpse of the wild side of Kerala. Given below are the major wildlife sanctuaries of Kerala. You may access further information by clicking on each of them.

  • Begur Wildlife Sanctuary
  • Chinnar Wildlife Sanctuary
  • Eravikulam National Park
  • Idukki Wildlife Sanctuary
  • Muthanga Wildlife Sanctuary
  • Periyar Wildlife Sanctuary
  • Peechi Vazhani Wildlife
  • Parambikulam Wildlife Sanctuary
  • Peppara Wildlife Sanctuary
  • Silent Valley National Park
  • Shenduruny Wildlife Sanctuary
  • Thattekkad Bird Sanctuary

 

Wildlife in Tamilnadu

Tamil Nadu has a varied and diverse topography, which supports a variety of flora and fauna. About 18 percent of the total geographical area of the state is under forests. These forests stretch over the plain and the mountains. Dry-deciduous forests, scrubs, thorn forests and mangroves are spread over dry lands while the Western Ghats and other cooler regions support moist deciduous, wet evergreen forests, grasslands and Sholas (Sholas are a form of montane wet temperate forests, which occur predominantly in sheltered pockets of the Nilgiris and Upper Palni areas of Tamil Nadu).

The mixed deciduous forests of the Western Ghats region are home to a majority of plant species found in Tamil Nadu. These hills are an ideal refuge for elephants, bisons, tigers, deer and monkeys. The Nilgiri hills have a number of medicinal plants and a variety of flowers. Cinchona and eucalyptus are some of the examples. Medicinal herbs are also found in the Palani hills and Courtallam. Tirunelveli district is known for the Palmyra tree, whose products are used as raw materials for several cottage industries. Rubber is the main plantation crop in Kanyakumari while sandalwood grows in the Javadi hills of Vellore district.

  • Anna Zoological Park
  • Anamalai Wildlife Sanctuary
  • Crocodile Bank
  • Guindy National Park
  • Gulf of Mannar Marine National Park
  • Mudumalai Bird Sanctuary
  • Mukkurthi National Park
  • Point Calimere Sanctuary
  • Vedanthangal Bird Sanctuary

 

Wildlife in Rajasthan

Apart from the famous monuments of Rajasthan, another attraction of the state includes the Rajasthan Wildlife tour. Although the territory as well as the environment of Rajasthan is quite tough and unpleasant, still, it is home to a wide variety of wildlife. One of the reasons for this are the variations in the climate and topography of the state, ranging from semi green forests of Mount Abu to dry grasslands of the desert and from the wetlands of Bharatpur to the dry deciduous thorn forest of Aravalli.

The state of Rajasthan is most famous as the habitat of the very much-endangered species, Tiger. Apart from that, there is a wide variety of other animals and birds in Rajasthan wildlife sanctuaries and parks. Then, there is the much known Bharatpur Bird Sanctuary of Rajasthan, playing host to numerous resident as well as migratory birds.

  • Bharatpur Bird Sanctuary
  • Desert National Park
  • Ranthambore National Park
  • Sariska National Park

 

Wildlife in Uttar Pradesh

Uttar Pradesh has a very rich fauna and flora. Although the biggest chunk of wildlife sanctuaries and reserves went to Uttaranchal when it was carved out of Uttar Pradesh, few are still left with Uttar Pradesh. UP has a vivid climate and relief as it stretches from the Northern Indian plains towards the Ganges basin of East. Therefore national parks and wildlife sanctuaries that are scattered all over the Uttar Pradesh have vivid fauna and flora. The fauna of UP consists Tigers, Cats, Antelopes, Deer, Wild Boars, Elephants, Rhinos and other animals that are common in basin. In terms of birds, Uttar Pradesh is home to various species such as Painted Storks, Black and White-necked Storks, Saras Cranes, Great Indian Horned-owl, Jungle Owlet, Colorful woodpeckers, Barbets, Kingfishers, Minivans, Bee-eaters and Bulbuls.

The largest wildlife reserve in Uttar Pradesh is Dudhwa National Park that is situated in the district of Lakhimpur Kheri. Stretched in an area of nearly 500 square Kilometers, Dudhwa National Park is close to the Tarai region of Nepal and boasts off a vivid fauna and flora. Tiger and Rhinos are the two animals that are worth seeing in this park. This is the only park in UP where you can see these two animals. Apart from Dudhwa, the other very important reserve is Chandra Prabha sanctuary that is situated in the district of Mughal Sarai. Though this park is devoid of any member of the Indian Cat families, it has various species of Deer and Antelopes. Stretched in less that 80 square Kilometers, the park boasts off Chinkara, Sambar and Chital.

  • Allen Forest Zoo
  • Dudhwa National Park
  • Nawabganj Bird Sanctuary
  • Chandraprabha Sanctuary

 

Wildlife in Sikkim

Sikkim’s Kingdom Animalia has a large selection of animals and birds. The dense forests of Sikkim provide a comfortable habitat to the fauna in the state. Sikkim also allows snow leopard, wild ass, leopard, red panda, Himalayan black bear, musk deer and flying squirrel to roam in its area. In the alpine zones, the yaks are quite prominent and residents have also kept them to get milk, meat, wool and other useful items from the animal. The musk deer is a part of endangered species and it can be found in the upper temperate zones.

The barking deer is a common animal in Sikkim. On the treetops at altitudes between 6,000 and 12,000 ft, you can see Red Panda that really looks cute. You must have read about Snow leopard in stories, but Sikkim comprises this animal in real. Although, the animal hardly comes across the sight, up to now, only two zoologists have captured its photographs. Amongst others, Blue sheep, flying squirrels, binturong, tahrs, marmots and mush deer are some more populace of the region.

  • Sikkim Deer Park
  • Fambong La Wildlife Sanctuary
  • Himalayan Zoological Park
  • Kyongnosla Alpine Sanctuary
  • Kanchenjunga National Park
  • Shingba Rhododendron Sanctuary
  • Maenam Wildlife Sanctuary

 

Wildlife in Maharashtra

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The nature lovers, who come to India to explore its rich wildlife, must make a sojourn at Maharashtra also. The state is virtually a delight for those who love to visit wildlife sanctuaries and national parks and be a witness to nature’s beauty. The various protected areas here are home to a wide variety of wildlife, comprising of Tigers, Crocodiles, Bisons, Gawas, Neelgais, Wild Deer, Sambars, etc. Apart from that, they serve as home to numerous birds and are also visited by the most exotic migratory birds every year. The facilities available at the various wildlife sanctuaries and national parks of Maharashtra include jeep rides, night safaris, comfortable accommodation, etc. With the below given information, explore the wildlife of one of the largest states in India.

  • Chikhaldara Wildlife Sanctuary
  • Dajipur Bison Sanctuary
  • Nagzira Wildlife Sanctuary
  • Navegaon National Park
  • Pench National Park
  • Katraj Snake Park
  • Sanjay Gandhi National Park

 

Wildlife in Uttarakhand

Uttarakhand is a wonderful tourist destination. Thousands of people go there every year to rejuvenate themselves amidst the mountains. The mountains in Uttarakhand are home to rare species of plants and animals which are protected by sanctuaries and reserves. The major sanctuaries and reserves of the area are Jim Corbett National Park, Valley of Flowers National Park, Govind National Park, Nanda Devi National Park, Rajaji National Park and Assan Barrage Bird Sanctuary.

The most common animals found in Uttarakhand are wild sheep, goat, oxen, antelopes and butterflies but rare and endangered animals such as Musk Deer, Snow Leopard, Ghorals and Monal are also found here.

  • Assan Barrage Bird Sanctuary
  • Govind National Park
  • Jim Corbett National Park
  • Nanda Devi National Park
  • Rajaji National Park
  • Valley of Flowers

 

Wildlife in Andhra Pradesh

The dense forests in mountainous expanse offers literal habitat to the wildlife. Andhra Pradesh, being a large state, has adequate conditions and environment for the fauna to settle here. In the presence of wide range of animals and birds, along with rich vegetation, the Government took the initiative to make these creatures feel safe. So, away from the bustling city life, they declared certain areas as wildlife sanctuaries and national parks. In the list of wildlife sanctuaries of the country, there are innumerable national parks and sanctuaries that are contributed by the third largest state of India. Click on the following links to know more about the important wildlife sanctuaries and national parks of Andhra Pradesh.

  • Kawal Wildlife Sanctuary
  • Shivaram Wildlife Sanctuary
  • Sri Venkateswara National Park
  • Vanasthali National Park
  • Manjira Wildlife Sanctuary
  • Nehru Zoological Park
  • Indira Gandhi Zoological Park

 

Wildlife in Gujarat

Gujarat boasts of a rich flora and fauna. It has varied landforms, ranging from dry deciduous forests to majestic grasslands, wetlands, marine ecosystems and rich moist deciduous forests. This has made the state suitable as the habitat of rare wildlife species. Asiatic Lion, Wild Ass, Black Buck, Four-horned Antelope and Great Indian Bustard are some of the rare species preserved by the various wildlife sanctuaries in Gujarat. These rare animals constitute the wildlife heritage of India. Therefore, the national parks in Gujarat are trying their best to save these creatures from the threat of extinction.

  • Black Buck National Park
  • Gir National Park
  • Marine National Park
  • Wild Ass Sanctuary

 

Wildlife in Kashmir

Kashmir wildlife comprises of one of the major attractions of the valley. The rich and varied wild life of the Kashmir valley owes its origin to the Himalayas. Himalayas, the largest chain of mountains in the world, fall under this region to some of an extent. The Himalayan range is home to some of the most exotic species of birds as well as animals. In fact, almost one third of the mountain animals of the world belong to these mountain ranges. The state of Jammu and Kashmir offers a variety of geographical regions, climates and vegetation. This diversity has led to the inhabitation of such an exotic wildlife in the region.

The snow leopard, a survivor from the frigid Pleistocene era, best embodies the mountainous ecosystem of the valley. The beautiful animal has its habitat extending over the entire Himalayan range. However, it is mainly sought in Jammu and Kashmir, especially in the high ranges. Hangul or Kashmir stag, an endangered species of red deer, along with Bharal are the other rare and endangered species found in Kashmir wildlife sanctuaries. A number of exceptional species of antelopes, goats and sheep also inhabit the valley.

  • Dachigam National Park
  • Overa Wildlife Sanctuary
  • Gulmarg Biosphere Reserve
  • Overa-Aru Biosphere Reserve

 

Wildlife in Goa

The mere mention of Goa conjures up the image of a landscape dotted with golden beaches and sparkling seas. This fixation with beaches ensures that the rich wildlife in Goa often takes a backseat in tourists’ itineraries. But for those craving for a sip of nature, wildlife sanctuaries in Goa are definitely worth the effort.

The lofty Western Ghats mountains are endowed with a lush green canopy which is a haven for exotic species of flora and fauna. The wildlife sanctuaries of Goa have come up with the aim of providing safe refuge to endangered wildlife species.

  • Bondla Wildlife Sanctuary
  • Cotigao Wlidlife Sanctuary
  • Salim Ali Bird Sanctuary
  • Bhagwan Mahavir Wildlife Sanctuary

 

Wildlife in Madhya Pradesh

The state of Madhya Pradesh is nothing but a treasure for all those who love to experience jungle thrills and adventurous lookouts. The national parks and sanctuaries of the state teem with some of the most interesting wildlife species found in India. Apart from that, many endangered species also have seen revival within their precincts. Excitement lurks amidst the folds of these parks, in the form of tigers, leopards, bisons, gaurs, deer and a wide variety of reptiles and birds. In fact, the wildlife sanctuaries of Madhya Pradesh offer good opportunities to watch wildlife, amidst natural locales.

Easily accessible from major towns and cities of the state, these sanctuaries and parks are prime draws as far as tourists visiting Madhya Pradesh are concerned. Moreover, the national parks of the state are well equipped with modern amenities like jeep safaris and comfortable lodging facilities, which boost tourist traffic to these places. If you are someone who has always thought of watching a tiger from close quarters, the protected jungles of the state are your best bet. To know more about the various national parks and wildlife sanctuaries of Madhya Pradesh, read on.

  • Satpura National Park
  • Kanha National Park
  • Pench National Park
  • Bandhavgarh National Park
  • Panna National Park

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